Exactly What is Ovarian Cancer?

What Causes Ovarian Cancer?

 

There are many answers to that question. Ovarian cancer can be caused by: any history of ovarian cancer in your family, inheriting a gene change(other cancers mostly effects postmenopausal(1) women), if they never had a baby, if they started their menstrual cycle before they were twelve or went through menopause(2) after they’re 50, if they’re unable to become pregnant, or if they had a hormone replacement for menopause symptoms.
Mutated genes could also be the cause of ovarian cancer. The genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 can cause both breast and ovarian cancer, only if they’re defective. If they’re normal then they help keep the division of cells normal. BRCA1 has a range of 35%-70% of women getting cancer from this gene being defective. BRCA2 has a 10%-30% by the time the woman’s age seventy. These mutated genes can also increase primary peritoneal carcinoma(3) and fallopian tube carcinoma. However, it’s only about 1.5% of the entire general population of north america getting either of these cancers. The good news is that most cancers are not inherited, but in fact are contracted from life.

**Theory: Scientists have a theory that male hormones(androgens) in a female body can cause ovarian cancer**

Are There Ways to Stop Myself from Getting Ovarian Cancer?

 

Yes, there are a few ways. However non of them are completely risk free solutions.
Birth control(oral contraceptives[may cause breast cancer or other health problems]), having babies and breast feeding them, having both tubed tied(tubal ligation) or having a hysterectomy(4)(after either of these you wont be able to have children).

What Causes Ovarian Cancer?

 

No ones really sure at this time. Scientists have narrowed it down to it being hereditary in some cases, other it was because they didn’t have children, others because they had some sort of gene therapy. The list could potently be endless. But the one main reason why women get ovarian cancer is still unknown.

Are There Different Types of Ovarian Cancer?

 

Yes, there are several.

Epithelial
– Serous(This type makes up more than half the diagnosed cases of Epithelial Cancers)
– Endometrioid
– Clean Cell
– Muncinous
– Undifferentiated or Unclassifiable

Germ Cell, and other rare types of tumors.

About 90% of all diagnosed ovarian cancers are in the Epithelial category. Only about 1-2% are Germ Cell.

Is it Possible for Ovarian Cancer to Spread to Other Parts of the Body?

 

Yes, it can. Certain types of ovarian cancer can spread early on. The cancer cells can travel from the ovaries to the abdominal cavity, then to the bowels, to the bladder, to the peritoneal lining. Then those cells can spread to completely different part of the body such as the liver, the lungs, the heat.

Glossary:

 

1.) After a woman becomes infertile.

2.) The time after a doctor deems a woman infertile.

3.) A rare malignant tumor in the peritoneal cavity that is an extra-ovarian primary peritoneal malignancy. Before hand was found to be identical and clinically similar to an advanced stage of a serous ovarian carcinoma .

4.) A surgical removal of the uterus.

 

Bibliography:

 

http://www.emdicinehealth.com/ovarian_cancer-health/page4_em.htm

http://www.webmd.com/ovarian-cancer/guide/ovarian-cancer-what-happens

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-what-causes

http://www.cancerresaechuk,org/cancer-help/type/ovarian-cancer/about/types-of-ovarian-cancer

menopause.about.com/od/menopauseglossary/g/Menopause_Def.htm

medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hysterectomy

http://www.amarape.com/tumeurs_malignes_primitive_du_peritoine_eng_page4.html

Special Note: For anyone who has kept reading, this was a project for my science class.

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